My second attempt resulted in this:
I don't feel in any way qualified to offer a tutorial as such but I had a lot of fun making these and wanted to show how I did it! If anything is unclear, please do let me know and I will try to show it better. Suggestions about how to customise are at the end. (Sorry about the fingernails - printer's ink, it's impossible to get off....)
I used two 10inch squares of fabric (mine were different, yours could be the same: just remember one will hardly show), a ten inch square of Bondaweb (Wonder Under), some stuffing, a marmite lid (vegemite if you insist:-), a circle of fabric about 3 times the diameter of the lid, and some embroidery thread.
Place your first piece of fabric on top of the rough (gluey) side of the Bondaweb and fuse by ironing it.
Now, with your preferred fabric (if you have one) underneath, fold in half on the diagonal and press/iron, open then fold in half along the opposite diagonal and press again. You have now marked the mid point of your square where the lines intersect:
Okay, now take one point and fold it into the middle. Press in place.
Do the same thing with the next point:
and the remaining two. You should end up with this.
Now do the same thing again. Take a point, fold into the middle and press, like this:
and do the same with the other three, so that you have this:
So far so good. Now turn it over.
Once again, take all the corners, one by one, and press them into the middle, like so:
Right, now turn it over and have a quick look at the back. Here's what it looks like: four little flaps.
Turn it back over again. Now begins the only remotely fiddly part. You're going to reach round the back and take hold of one of those little flaps by the centre point and ease it up towards the front. Here it comes:
and a little bit more until it looks like this...
Don't pull it all the way! Do the same with all the flaps. Now it begins to look like a flower.
Look at the back again. You'll see another four flaps.
Turn it back over again and reach behind to get hold of those flaps and pull open like before. Here's the first.
Do the same with the other three and here is your lotus.
This is what you'll need now:
Cut your square of fabric into a circle, and sew a long running stitch all the way round, about half and inch in from the edge. You can start to pull this lightly by both ends to gather in the circle.
Fill your marmite cap with as much wadding as you can cram in, and place upside down inside the circle.
Now pull your running stitch threads as tight as possible, trying to make the gathers even.
Tie the ends together and you'll have this.
Place inside your flower.
To fix this to the flower, take your embroidery thread up through the back, and over your cushion and repeat.
Repeat again. You'll find it helps to catch the existing threads in a loop before continuing over.
Secure your threads at the back, and add your pins/stamens
If you drill a hole in your marmite cap first you can embellish your flower with a button. Use a long needle to sew it on from the front right through to the back, and pull it tightly:
My daughter and I made this tiny one, which would make a nice brooch:
We used a milk bottle cap for the middle. By the way, I used a lid or cap because this helps to give some rigidity, makes a good round pad, and stops the points of the needles poking out. You could, perhaps, use a circle of cardboard instead.
Further details, tweaking and embellishing:
The two bigger pincushions are made of quilters cotton (Amy Butler, I think). The tiny blue one is made of 1970s polycotton which was a little easier to fold.
You will find that making a tiny stitch through each of the folds helps the flower to keep its shape. (I didn't bother...)
Stuffing: I had an old synthetic pillow that had gone lumpy. I put it through the wash, cut one of the corners off, and we have been raiding the innards for stuffing for various projects.
You could try one colour of fabric, fussy cut the fabric for the centre pad, and jazz up by adding beads for example.
If you find ways of improving this - and I'm sure you will, please do let me know and I'll add them to these instructions with full credit. If you use this to make something and post pictures, please do link back to my post. Thank you!